BMW Group maintains successful course

  • Zipse: “Right on track to meet our goals for the year” 
  • Group EBT margin of 10.6% in Q3 and 11.9% in YTD September 
  • Automotive EBIT margin of 9.8% in Q3 and 10.3% in YTD September 
  • Free cash flow of € 5.8 billion in Automotive Segment in YTD September 
  • Percentage of BEV deliveries increases to 15.1% in Q3 

Munich, Germany - November 6, 2023... The BMW Group is maintaining its course for profitable growth in a volatile business environment. The company once again reaffirmed its leading position in the global premium segment, with a solid increase in sales to 621,699 premium automobiles in the third quarter and 1,836,563 units over the nine-month-period (Q3 2022: 587,744 units/+5.8%; 2022: 1,747,838 units/+5.1%).
The BMW Group combined this growth with a strong financial performance: The EBT margin for the first nine months came in at 11.9% (2022: 19.6%; Q3: 10.6%; Q3 2022: 11.0%), with an EBIT margin in the Automotive Segment of 10.3% (2022: 8.7%; Q3: 9.8%; Q3 2022: 8.9%). Excluding depreciation for BBA assets from the purchase price allocation, the EBIT margin was 10.8% in the third quarter(Q3/2022: 10.1%) and 11.4% (Sept YTD/2022: 11.7%) after nine months.
The company is still on track to deliver an EBIT margin in the Automotive Segment of between 9-10.5% for the full year and solid growth in customer deliveries. These gains are mostly expected to come from higher-priced models and fully-electric vehicles. By the third quarter, battery-electric vehicles accounted for 15.1% of total sales, already meeting the 15% target planned for the full year (2022: 8.9%/+69.7%). Over the nine-month period, the percentage of BEVs climbed to 13.4% (2022: 7.3%/+83.6%).
“Our third quarter showed once again that strong products generate strong demand – across all drive technologies. This puts us right on track to meet the higher targets we set ourselves in August,” said Oliver Zipse, Chairman of the Board of Management of BMW AG, on Friday. “In parallel with today's successful business, we are also setting the course for the future: With the BMW Vision Neue Klasse, we presented nothing less than the future of the car at the IAA MOBILITY. In this way, we are already bringing the mobility for the next decade to the roads in 2025.”
The growth trend for BMW continued in many of the world’s automotive markets in the third quarter: Compared to the previous year, the supply situation improved – making it easier to meet demand for vehicles. BMW Group deliveries trended higher in the main regions of the Americas and Europe, while Asia was on a par with last year. Germany and Europe made significant gains (Europe: 221,735 units/+12.9%; Germany: 68,569 units/+12.4%) and the US market posted solid growth of 7.7%, with a total of 92,218 vehicles delivered to customers (2022: 85,631 units). In China, the BMW Group delivered 210,659 units in China (2022: 214,565/-1.8%). From January to September, the BMW brand saw a slight increase in the market (+3.4%), thus exceeding the overall Chinese market development (+2.4%). Total BMW Group deliveries in China rose to 603,920 vehicles (594,089 units/+1.7%) in the year to the end of September. The slightly reduced increase year on year was mainly due to MINI model change.
The biggest increase was in deliveries of battery-electric models.Between July and September, the BMW Groupsold a total of 93,931 fully-electric vehicles (2022: 52,305 vehicles/+79.6%). In the year to the end of September, BEV deliveries almost doubled, climbing 92.6% to 246,867 units (2022: 128,195 units). This sales growth derived largely from the BMW brand, with BEV deliveries up 119.3% in the first nine months.
The company is pushing forward with electrification of its product range: With the launch of the new BMW i5* and the upcoming Rolls-Royce Spectre*, all three premium brands will have at least one fully-electric variant across the relevant segments. By 2024, one in five of the company’s new vehicles will be a BEV; by 2025, one in four.
Growth is expected to get a further boost in the fourth quarter from the BMW Group’s diverse and attractive product line-up, including the all-new 7 Series models, the BMW 5 Series and the BMW X1, which is particularly popular in Europe.
Slight increase in Group revenues
Group revenues increased slightly in the third quarter to € 38,458 million (2022: € 37,176 million/+3.4%),with solid growth in the year to the end of September to  112,530 million (2022: € 103,088 million/+9.2%). In addition to full integration of the operating business of BMW Brilliance Automotive Ltd. (BBA) into the Automotive Segment, higher sales volumes and positive product mix effects supported the increase. Headwinds came from currency translation effects, especially for the Chinese renminbi and US dollar. In the year to the end of September, the greatest negative impact came from volume-related manufacturing cost.
By the end of September 2023, BBA’s operating result had been fully and uniformly integrated due to full consolidation; in the prior-year period, this was only the case from 11 February 2022. This must be factored into the year-on-year comparison.
Group research and development spending for the year to the end of September totalled € 5,223 million (2022: € 4,894 million/+6.7%) – which represents a solid increase from last year. In addition to development expenses for new models such as the new BMW 5 Series and those of the NEUE KLASSE, R&D spending was primarily focused on further electrification and digitalisation of the vehicle fleet and automated driving. For example, the innovative “BMW OS 9” operating system is being rolled out this year. The partially automated, “hands-free” Level 2+ driving functions in the new 5 series and the highly automated Level 3 functions have also been advanced.
The R&D ratio (according to the German Commercial Code) came in at 4.6% (2022: 4.7%; -0.1 %-points).
The BMW Group's capital expenditure for the first nine months was significantly higher, at € 5.078 million (2022: € 4.680 million/+8.5%). In the third quarter, the capital expenditure of € 1.847 million was focused on accelerating the ramp-up of electrification and topics related to digitalisation (2022: € 1.751 million/+5.5%). The highest expenditure was caused by the fifth and sixth generation e-modular kits and the plant construction in Debrecen, Hungary.
The capex ratio for the year to the end of September was 4.5% and remained on a par with the previous year (2022: 4.5%). Capital expenditure in the fourth quarter will lead to an increase in capex ratio to around 6% for the full year.
Q3 Group earnings on a par with last year
Group earnings before tax (EBT) for the third quarter were on a par with last year at € 4,063 million (2022: € 4,100 million/-0.9%). The EBT includes a financial result of € -289 million (2022: € 418 million), which was primarily affected by fair-value assessment in interest rate hedging transactions. The EBT margin for this period was 10.6% (2022: 11.0%). Group net profit amounted to  2,931 million in the third quarter (2022:  3,175 million/-7.7%).
In the year to the end of September, the BMW Group reported pre-tax earnings of € 13,414 million (2022: € 20,256 million/-33.8%). As part of the full consolidation of BBA, the revaluation of previously held shares in BBA of € 7.7 billion had substantially boosted the BMW Group's financial result, Group earnings and Group net profit in 2022. Due to this base effect, these key figures were significantly lower in the year to the end of September 2023.
The financial result for this period totalled  -656 million (2022: € 9,757 million) and was primarily affected by the fair value development of interest rate hedges. Group EBT margin came in at 11.9% (2022: 19.6%). In the year to the end of September, Group net profit totalled  9,551 million (2022: € 16,407 million/-41.8%).
BMW AG continues share repurchase programme
The second share repurchase programme worth up to € 2.0 billion, was launched in July 2023 and is on track. It led to the repurchase of 2,659,869 shares of common stock and 530,588 shares of preferred stock, which were recognised as treasury shares. During the third quarter, the 24,123,400 own shares (22,199,529 common shares and 1,923,871 preferred shares) acquired between July 2022 and June 2023 as part of the first € 2.0 billion share repurchase programme were retired. The share capital was reduced by € 24,123,400.
Solid Q3 EBIT in Automotive Segment, significant increase in YTD September
In the Automotive Segment, third-quarter revenues were on a par with last year at € 32,096 million (2022: € 32,290 million/-0.6%). Excluding currency translation headwinds, especially from the Chinese renminbi and the US dollar, revenues posted solid growth of +6.5%.
Tailwind came from higher sales volumes. In the nine-month-period, also a positive pricing effect contributed to the solid increase in revenues of 6.7% (adjusted for currency translation effects: +10.9%) to  94,994 million (2022: € 89,031 million).
Higher vehicle sales in turn increased sales costs, which were also relieved by currency effects. In addition, depreciation from the purchase price allocation for BBA assets of around € 0.3 billion was included in the cost of sales in the third quarter (2022: € 0.4 billion).
Earnings before financial result (EBIT) for the third quarter profited from higher sales volume and amounted to € 3,135 million (2022: € 2,873 million/+9.1%). The strong operating performance of the Automotive Segment was underlined by the year-on-year increase in its EBIT margin, which came in at 9.8% (2022: 8.9%). Excluding depreciation for BBA assets from the purchase price allocation, the EBIT margin was 10.8% (Q3/2022: 10.1%).
In the year to the end of September, the Automotive Segment posted significant growth, with an EBIT of  9,810 million (2022: € 7,703 million/+27.4%). The EBIT margin for the year to the end of September came in at 10.3% (2022: 8.7%). Excluding depreciation for BBA assets from the purchase price allocation, the EBIT margin was 11.4% (Sept YTD/2022: 11.7%).
“We are steering our core business along a long-term, profitable growth path. To do this, we are making significant investments in our future: We are digitalising and electrifying our products and bringing the entire company into a new era. We are strengthening our innovation capabilities and creating value for our shareholders. The solid customer demand shows us that we are on the right track,” said Walter Mertl, member of the Board of Management responsible for Finance.
Free cash flow in the Automotive Segment came in at  2,618 million (2022: € 2,106 million/+24.3%)in the third quarter. At the end of September 2023, it totalled  5,759 million (2022: € 9,876 million/-41.7%). The previous year still included the positive one-time effect of € 5 billion from the full consolidation of BMW Brilliance.
“The free cash flow in the Automotive Segment illustrates the financial strength of our core business. Despite extensive investment in the transformation of the company, we are benefiting, in a volatile environment, from stable cash inflows. In the fourth quarter, we plan to reduce our inventory – which will benefit free cash flow. On the other hand, the increase of capex ratio to around 6% (September YTD: 4.5%) and the usual seasonal rise in costs as well as higher tax payments will significantly weigh on our Q4 free cash flow,” said Mertl.
The company expects a free cash flow of at least € 6 billion for the full year 2023.
Upward trend in Financial Services Segment
BMW Group Financial Services reported growth in the number of new contracts and the volume of new retail business in the third the average financing volume per vehicle increased during the reporting period.
The penetration rate, the percentage of new BMW Group vehicles leased or financed by the Financial Services Segment, for the third quarter was 38.0% (2022: 38.3%/-0.3 %-points).
The segment’s third-quarter pre-tax earnings saw solid growth, to  747 million (2022: € 691 million/+8.1%).
In the year to the end of September, the segment reported earnings before tax of  2,451 million (2022: € 2,672 million/-8.3%). The decline resulted from increased refinancing costs and the lower contract portfolio. BMW Group Financial Services benefited from continued high sales revenues for lease returns.
Credit loss ratio remained at a historically low level of 0.15%. The segment is adequately hedged against risk.
Motorcycles Segment steps up deliveries again in centenary year
The Motorcycles Segment delivered 52,037 BMW motorcycles and scooters to customers in the third quarter, reaching the same high level as the previous year (2022: 51,778 units/+0.5%). Thanks to its attractive product line-up and, in particular, new models like the fascinating Power Roadster M 1000 R, sales rose slightly to 164,908 units in the year to the end of September (2022: 159,333units/+3.5%).
Third-quarter segment revenues totalled € 650 million (2022: € 822 million/-20.9%; excluding currency translation: -18.1%). Mainly due to the change in the model launch calendar from the previous year, the EBIT for the third quarter decreased to € -4 million (2022: € 87 million/-104.6%), resulting in a negative EBIT margin of -0.6% (Q3 2022: 10.6%).
In the year to the end of September, BMW Motorrad revenues were up slightly, at € 2,571 million (2022: € 2,485 million/+3.5%; excluding currency translation: +5.5%). The segment EBIT for the year to the end of September was down slightly on the previous year at  308 million (2022: € 322 million/-4.3%). The EBIT margin for the first nine months came in at 12.0% (2022: 13.0%).
The upcoming market launch of the new R 1300 GS in the fourth quarter will be the most important product highlight of the year. As the world’s most successful premium motorcycle, the redesigned Boxer GS, with its many innovations, should be one of the segment's main profitable sales drivers.
BMW Group confirms guidance
The BMW Group forecasts overall growth for the global automotive markets year on year. In Europe and in the US, markets should grow robustly in 2023. The most optimistic forecast for China’s automotive market expects a slight growth year on year.
For the rest of the year, the company expects stable business development and confirms its forecast for financial year 2023 for all segments. This assumes that the geopolitical and macroeconomic conditions do not significantly deteriorate.
Due to improved vehicle availability, a healthy volume of orders and positive volume development overall, the company is planning for solid growth in deliveries to customers worldwide in 2023.
Taking the sales volume guidance into account, the BMW Group expects the EBIT margin in the Automotive Segment to be within the range of 9 to 10.5% for the full year.
The forecast calls for a slight increase in deliveries in the Motorcycles Segment for the full year. The EBIT margin will remain within the target range of 8 to 10%. Return on equity (RoE) in the Financial Services Segment is projected to be between 16-19%.
Group earnings before tax will decrease significantly. Without the one-time effect of 2022, Group earnings before tax for the year 2023 would be higher than the previous year.
These targets will be achieved with slightly higher employee numbers.
The BMW Group is committed to long-term, profitable growth as it continues its transformation process. Through systematic investment and a commitment to being a pacesetter and driving force for innovation in its industry, the BMW Group aspires to a leading role in the global premium segment.
The BMW Group in figures: Q3 2023 Q3 2023 Q3 2022 Change in %
Deliveries to customers        
Automotive 1 units 621,699 587,744 5.8
Thereof:      BMW units 549,941 517,638 6.2
    MINI units 70,384 68,596 2.6
    Rolls-Royce units 1,374 1,510 -9.0
Motorcycles units 52,037 51,778 0.5
Employees               (compared to 31. Dec. 2022)   149,475    
Automotive Segment EBIT margin % 9.8 8.9 +0.9%-pts.
Motorcycles Segment EBIT margin % -0.6 10.6 -11.2%-pts.
EBT margin BMW Group 2 % 10.6 11.0 -0.4%pts.
Revenues € million 38,458 37,176 3.4
thereof:      Automotive € million 32,096 32,290 -0.6
Motorcycles € million 650 822 -20.9
Financial Services € million 9,102 8,785 3.6
Other Entities € million 3 3 0.0
Eliminations € million -3,393 -4,724 -28.2
Profit before financial result (EBIT) € million 4,352 3,682 18.2
thereof:      Automotive € million 3,135 2,873 9.1
Motorcycles € million -4 87 -104.6
Financial Services € million 740 679 9.0
Other Entities € million -8 -13 -38.5
Eliminations € million 489 56 773.2
Profit before tax (EBT) € million 4,063 4,100 -0.9
thereof:      Automotive € million 3,043 2,963 2.7
Motorcycles € million -2 89 -102.2
Financial Services € million 747 691 8.1
Other Entities € million -5 296 -101.7
Eliminations € million 280 61 359.0
Income taxes € million -1,132 -925 22.4
Net profit € million 2,931 3,175 -7.7
Earnings per share (common/preferred) 3  € 4.20 4.25 -1.2
1 Deliveries include joint venture BMW Brilliance Automotive Ltd., Shenyang.
2 Ratio of Group earnings before taxes to Group revenues.
 Common/preferred stock. Earnings per share of preferred stock are calculated by distributing the earnings required to cover the additional dividend of €0.02 per preferred share proportionally over the quarters of the corresponding financial year.
The BMW Group in figures: Q3 YTD 2023 Q3 YTD 2023 Q3 YTD 2022 Change in %
Deliveries to customers        
Automotive 1 units 1,836,563 1,747,838 5.1
Thereof:      BMW1 units 1,621,267 1,533,866 5.7
    MINI1 units 210,741 209,271 0.7
    Rolls-Royce1 units 4,555 4,701 -3.1
Motorcycles units 164,908 159,333 3.5
Employees               (as of 31. Dec. 2022)   149,475    
Automotive Segment EBIT margin % 10.3 8.7 +1.6%-pts.
Motorcycles Segment EBIT margin % 12.0 13.0 -1.0 %-pt.
EBT margin BMW Group 2 % 11.9 19.6 -7.7%-pts.
Revenues € million 112,530 103,088 9.2
thereof:      Automotive € million 94,994 89,031 6.7
Motorcycles € million 2,571 2,485 3.5
Financial Services € million 26,723 26,036 2.6
Other Entities € million 9 6 50.0
Eliminations € million -11,767 -14,470 -18.7
Profit before financial result (EBIT) € million 14,070 10,499 34.0
thereof:      Automotive € million 9,810 7,703 27.4
Motorcycles € million 308 322 -4.3
Financial Services € million 2,449 2,627 -6.8
Other Entities € million -13 -187 -93.0
Eliminations € million 1,516 34 4358.8
Profit before tax (EBT) € million 13,414 20,256 -33.8
thereof:      Automotive € million 9,611 15,909 -39.6
Motorcycles € million 311 326 -4.6
Financial Services € million 2,451 2,672 -8.3
Other Entities € million 112 1,258 -91.1
Eliminations € million 929 91 920.9
Income taxes € million -3,863 -3,849 0.4
Net profit € million 9,551 16,407 -41.8
Earnings per share(common/preferred) 3  € 13.90 23.88 -41.8
1 Deliveries include joint venture BMW Brilliance Automotive Ltd., Shenyang.
 Ratio of Group earnings before taxes to Group revenues.
3 Common/preferred stock. Earnings per share of preferred stock are calculated by distributing the earnings required to cover the additional dividend of €0.02 per preferred share proportionally over the quarters of the corresponding financial year.
GLOSSARY – explanatory comments on key performance indicators
Battery Electric Vehicle.

Deliveries to customers
A new or used vehicle is recorded as a delivery once it is handed over to the end user (which also includes leaseholders under lease contracts with BMW Financial Services). In the US and Canada, end users also include (1) dealers when they designate a vehicle as a service loaner or demonstrator vehicle and (2) dealers and other third parties when they purchase a company vehicle at auction and dealers when they purchase company vehicles directly from the BMW Group. Deliveries may be made by BMW AG, one of its international subsidiaries, a BMW Group retail outlet, or independent third-party dealers. The vast majority of deliveries – and hence the reporting of deliveries to the BMW Group – is made by independent third-party dealers. Retail vehicle deliveries during a given reporting period do not correlate directly to the revenues that the BMW Group recognises in respect of that particular reporting period.
Profit before financial result. Profit before financial result comprises revenues less cost of sales, less selling and administrative expenses and plus/minus net other operating income and expenses.
EBIT margin
Profit/loss before financial result as a percentage of revenues.
EBIT plus financial result.
EBT Margin
Profit/loss as a percentage of revenues.
Plug-in-hybrid electric vehicle.
Return on capital employed (RoCE). RoCE in the Automotive and Motorcycles segments is measured on the basis of relevant segment profit before financial result and the average amount of capital employed – at the end of the last five quarters – in the segment concerned. Capital employed corresponds to the sum of all current and non-current operational assets, less liabilities that generally do not incur interest.
Return on equity (RoE). RoE in the Financial Services segment is calculated as segment profit before taxes, divided by the average amount of equity capital – at the end of the last five quarters – attributable to the Financial Services segment.
If you have any questions, please contact:
BMW Group Corporate Communications
Dr Britta Ullrich, Finance Communications
Telephone: +49 89 382-18364
Eckhard Wannieck, head of Communications BMW Group, Finance, Sales
Telephone: +49 89 382-24544
Media website:
The BMW Group
With its four brands BMW, MINI, Rolls-Royce and BMW Motorrad, the BMW Group is the world’s leading premium manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles and also provides premium financial and mobility services. The BMW Group production network comprises over 30 production sites worldwide; the company has a global sales network in more than 140 countries.
In 2022, the BMW Group sold nearly 2.4 million passenger vehicles and more than 202,000 motorcycles worldwide. The profit before tax in the financial year 2022 was € 23.5 billion on revenues amounting to € 142.6 billion. As of 31 December 2022, the BMW Group had a workforce of 149,475 employees.
The success of the BMW Group has always been based on long-term thinking and responsible action. The company set the course for the future at an early stage and consistently makes sustainability and efficient resource management central to its strategic direction, from the supply chain through production to the end of the use phase of all products.

Please Note

To the extent that historical press releases reference BMW Manufacturing Co. LLC as the manufacturer of certain X model vehicles, the referenced vehicles are manufactured in South Carolina with a combination of U.S origin and imported parts and components.